This section contains information on recent publications and other works of interest to the group.  Please note that this list is not exhaustive and will be updated with further material as it is highlighted to us.

Download full reference list


Aagaard, K., Eash, J., Ford, W., Heglund, P. J., McDowell, M., & Thogmartin, W. E. (2019). Modeling the Relationship between Water Level, Wild Rice Abundance, and Waterfowl Abundance at a Central North American Wetland. Wetlands39(1), 149-160.

Amundson, C., Flint, P., Stehn, R., Platte, R., Wilson, H., Larned, W., & Fischer, J. (2019). Spatio-temporal population change of Arctic-breeding waterbirds on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. Avian Conservation and Ecology14(1).

Arican, M., PARLAK, K., & Yalcin, M. (2019). Angel Wings Syndrom in Swans (Cygnus cygnus and Cygnus atratus). KAFKAS ÜNİVERSİTESİ VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ25(6).

Augst, H. J., Hälterlein, B., & Fabricius, K. (2019). From stopover to wintering: Bewicks Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany in winters 2016/2017 and 2017/2018. Wildfowl, 139-163.

Bartczak, A., Słowińska, S., Tyszkowski, S., Kramkowski, M., Kaczmarek, H., Kordowski, J., & Słowiński, M. (2019). Ecohydrological Changes and Resilience of a Shallow Lake Ecosystem under Intense Human Pressure and Recent Climate Change. Water11(1), 32.

Battisti, C., Staffieri, E., Poeta, G., Sorace, A., Luiselli, L., & Amori, G. (2019). Interactions between anthropogenic litter and birds: a global review with a ‘black-list’of species. Marine pollution bulletin138, 93-114.

Beekman, J., Koffijberg, K., Wahl, J., Kowallik, C., Hall, C., Devos, K., & Wieloch, M. (2019). Long-term population trends and shifts in distribution of Bewick’s Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii wintering in northwest Europe. Wildfowl, 73-102.

Beerens, N., Heutink, R., Pritz‐Verschuren, S., Germeraad, E. A., Bergervoet, S. A., Harders, F., … & Koch, G. (2019). Genetic relationship between poultry and wild bird viruses during the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N6 epidemic in the Netherlands, 2017–2018. Transboundary and emerging diseases66(3), 1370-1378.

Böhmer, C., Plateau, O., Cornette, R., & Abourachid, A. (2019). Correlated evolution of neck length and leg length in birds. Royal Society open science6(5), 181588.

Boiko, D., & Wikelski, M. (2019). Moulting sites of Latvian Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus cygnets fitted with GPS-GSM transmitters. Wildfowl, 229-242.

Buzun, V.A., Bolshakov, A.A., Zatsarinny, I.V., Polikarpova, N.V., Bychkov, Yu. M., Shavrina, U. Yu., & Gribova, M. O. (2019). Орнитофауна проектируемого заказника” Пазовский”. Russian ornithological journal, 28(1721).

Cole, E. L., Waggitt, J. J., Hedenstrom, A., Piano, M., Holton, M. D., BÖRGER, L., & Shepard, E. L. (2019). The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection: a case study with birds diving in tidal waters. Integrative zoology14(1), 4-16.

De Pietro, R., Ientile, R., Puccia, S., & Sabella, G. (2019). Birds of Gelsari and Lentini marshes, special protection area for the protection and maintenance of aquatic avifauna in central Mediterranean. Ocean & coastal management169, 96-103.

Fedorov, В. А. (2019). New data about nesting of Mute Swan in St. Petersburg. Russian ornithological journal, 28(1718).

Feyer, S., Bertram, C., Halter, L., Zein, S., Bartenschlager, F., Loderstedt, S., & Müller, K. (2019). Studies on the neurological examination in birds –
first results. Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere/Heimtiere47(01), V21.

Geen, G. R., Robinson, R. A., & Baillie, S. R. (2019). Effects of tracking devices on individual birds–a review of the evidence. Journal of avian biology50(2).

Grade, T., Campbell, P., Cooley, T., Kneeland, M., Leslie, E., MacDonald, B., & Vogel, H. (2019). Lead poisoning from ingestion of fishing gear: A review. Ambio48(9), 1023-1038.

Grishchenko, V. N. (2019). Influence of Global Weather Conditions on Timing of the Spring Migration of Birds in the Kaniv Nature Reserve (Central Ukraine). Vestnik Zoologii53(2), 141-148.

Hill, S. C., Hansen, R., Watson, S., Coward, V., Russell, C., Cooper, J., … & Reid, S. (2019). Comparative micro-epidemiology of pathogenic avian influenza virus outbreaks in a wild bird population. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B374(1775), 20180259.

Jaramillo, E., Duarte, C., Labra, F. A., Lagos, N. A., Peruzzo, B., Silva, R., … & Melnick, D. (2019). Resilience of an aquatic macrophyte to an anthropogenically induced environmental stressor in a Ramsar wetland of southern Chile. Ambio48(3), 304-312.

Kim, J. Y., & Joo, G. J. (2019). Combined influence of meteorological, hydrological, and physicochemical factors on macrophyte overgrowth in agricultural reservoirs. Limnology20(1), 3-11.

Kivikero, H. (2019). Accessing Waterbirds: A perspective into zooarchaeological assemblages and tax records in castles Kastelholm and Raseborg in the northern Baltic Sea. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports23, 929-938.

Knapik, R. T., Luukkonen, D. R., & Winterstein, S. R. (2019). Density dependence in productivity of a North American Mute Swan Cygnus olor population. Wildfowl, 178-196.

Korbecki, J., Gutowska, I., Chlubek, D., & Baranowska-Bosiacka, I. (2019). Lead (Pb) in the tissues of Anatidae, Ardeidae, Sternidae and Laridae of the Northern Hemisphere: a review of environmental studies. Environmental Science and Pollution Research26(13), 12631-12647.

Kucharska, K., Binkowski, Ł. J., Batoryna, M., Dudzik, K., Zaguła, G., & Stawarz, R. (2019). Blood mercury levels in mute swans (Cygnus olor) are not related to sex, but are related to age, with no blood parameter implications. Environmental pollution252, 21-30.

Laubek, B., Clausen, P., Nilsson, L., Wahl, J., Wieloch, M., Meissner, W., & Lehikoinen, A. (2019). Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus January population censuses for Northwest Mainland Europe, 1995-2015. Wildfowl, (5 spec. iss.).

Liu, L., Liu, X. G., Sun, Y., Pu, Z. H., Xu, H. Y., Li, W. X., & Wang, Z. H. (2019). Trace elements in the feathers of waterfowl from Nanhaizi Wetland, Baotou, China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology102(6), 778-783.

Lycett, S. J., Duchatel, F., & Digard, P. (2019). A brief history of bird flu. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B374(1775), 20180257.

Matrozis, R. (2019). A 30-year (1988–2017) study of Mute Swans Cygnus olor in Riga, Latvia. Wildfowl, 164-177.

Fallah Mehrabadi, M. H., Tehrani, F., Bahonar, A., Shoushtari, A., & Ghalyanchilangeroudi, A. (2019). Risk Assessment of the Introduction and Spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses (H5-Subtypes) Via Migratory Birds in Iran. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology14(4), 384-394.

Michalski, M. M., Gałęcki, R., & Siedlecka, K. (2019). First report of Sarconema eurycerca (Filarioidea) in mute swan (Cygnus olor) in Poland–the case report. Helminthologia56(1), 62.

Moriguchi, S., Mukai, H., Komachi, R., & Sekijima, T. (2019). Wind farm effects on migratory flight of swans and foraging distribution at their stopover site. In Wind Energy and Wildlife Impacts (pp. 125-133). Springer, Cham.

Muzyka, D., Rula, O., Tkachenko, S., Muzyka, N., Köthe, S., Pishchanskyi, O., & Beer, M. (2019). Highly pathogenic and low pathogenic avian influenza H5 subtype viruses in wild birds in Ukraine. Avian diseases63(1s), 235-245.

Nergiz, H. (2019). Habitat utilization and winter time-activity budgets of the Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus Linnaeus, 1758) population wintering at the Van Lake basin, Turkey. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research17(2), 2179-2185.

Newth, J. L., Wood, K. A., McDonald, R. A., Nuno, A., Semenov, I., Chistyakov, A., & Cromie, R. L. (2019). Conservation implications of misidentification and killing of protected species. Conservation Science and Practice1(5), e24.

Pain, D. J., Mateo, R., & Green, R. E. (2019). Effects of lead from ammunition on birds and other wildlife: A review and update. Ambio, 48(9), 935-953.

Pöysä, H., Lammi, E., Pöysä, S., & Väänänen, V. M. (2019). Collapse of a protector species drives secondary endangerment in waterbird communities. Biological conservation230, 75-81.

Pöysä, H., Holopainen, S., Elmberg, J., Gunnarsson, G., Nummi, P., & Sjöberg, K. (2019). Changes in species richness and composition of boreal waterbird communities: a comparison between two time periods 25 years apart. Scientific reports9(1), 1-10.

Rizotto, L. S., Simão, R. M., Scagion, G. P., Simasaki, A. A., Caserta, L. C., Benassi, J. C., … & Ferreira, H. L. (2019). Detection of avian metapneumovirus subtype A from wild birds in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira39(3), 209-213.

Rees, E. C., Cao, L., Clausen, P., Coleman, J. T., Cornely, J., Einarsson, O., & Nagy, S. (2019). Conservation status of the world’s swan populations, Cygnus sp. and Coscoroba sp.: a review of current trends and gaps in knowledge. Wildfowl, 35-72.

Solovyeva, D. V., Koyama, K., & Vartanyan, S. (2019). Living child-free: proposal for densitydependent regulation in Bewick’s Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii. Wildfowl, 197-210.

Vanausdall, R. A., & Dinsmore, S. J. (2019). Habitat Associations of Migratory Waterbirds Using Restored Shallow Lakes in Iowa. Waterbirds42(2), 135-153.

Wang, X., Cao, L., Fox, A. D., Fuller, R., Griffin, L., Mitchell, C., & Batbayar, N. (2019). Stochastic simulations reveal few green wave surfing populations among spring migrating herbivorous waterfowl. Nature communications10(1), 1-12.

Wood, K. A., Cao, L., Clausen, P., Ely, C. R., Luigujõe, L., Rees, E. C., & Włodarczyk, R. (2019). Current trends and future directions in swan research: insights from the 6th International Swan Symposium. Wildfowl, 1-34.

Wood, K. A., Brown, M. J., Cromie, R. L., Hilton, G. M., Mackenzie, C., Newth, J. L., & Rees, E. C. (2019). Regulation of lead fishing weights results in mute swan population recovery. Biological conservation230, 67-74.

Xu, Y., Si, Y., Yin, S., Zhang, W., Grishchenko, M., Prins, H. H., & de Boer, W. F. (2019). Species-dependent effects of habitat degradation in relation to seasonal distribution of migratory waterfowl in the East Asian–Australasian Flyway. Landscape Ecology34(2), 243-257.

Zaynagutdinova, E. M., Kouzov, S. A., Batova, P., Mikhailov, Y., & Kravchuk, A. (2019). Spring migration stopovers of swans Cygnus sp. in the Russian part of the Gulf of Finland. Wildfowl, 123-138.


Bernardino, J., Bevanger, K., Barrientos, R., Dwyer, J. F., Marques, A. T., Martins, R. C., & Moreira, F. (2018). Bird collisions with power lines: State of the art and priority areas for research. Biological Conservation222, 1-13.

Ciach, M., Czyż, S., & Wieloch, M. (2018). Bill colour pattern in Bewick’s swan: information on sex and body size displayed on face?. Ethology Ecology & Evolution30(1), 39-50.

Clausen, K. K., Madsen, J., Nolet, B. A., & Haugaard, L. (2018). Maize stubble as foraging habitat for wintering geese and swans in northern Europe. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment259, 72-76.

Dussex, N., Taylor, H. R., Irestedt, M., & Robertson, B. C. (2018). When genetic and phenotypic data do not agree: the conservation implications of ignoring inconvenient taxonomic evidence. New Zealand Journal of Ecology42(2), 284-290.

Jaramillo, E., Lagos, N. A., Labra, F. A., Paredes, E., Acuña, E., Melnick, D., & Duarte, C. (2018). Recovery of black-necked swans, macrophytes and water quality in a Ramsar wetland of southern Chile: assessing resilience following sudden anthropogenic disturbances. Science of the Total Environment628, 291-301.

Jia, Q., Wang, X., Zhang, Y., Cao, L., & Fox, A. D. (2018). Drivers of waterbird communities and their declines on Yangtze River floodplain lakes. Biological Conservation218, 240-246.

Kovács, G., Szinai, P., Karcza, Z., & Winkler, D. (2018). Movements of Mute Swan Cygnus olor (Gmelin, 1789)(Anseriformes) Based on Hungarian Ringing Data. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica70(1), 75-81.

Li, S., Meng, W., Liu, D., Yang, Q., Chen, L., Dai, Q., … & Yu, P. (2018). Migratory whooper swans Cygnus cygnus transmit H5N1 virus between China and Mongolia: combination evidence from satellite tracking and Phylogenetics analysis. Scientific reports8(1), 1-9.

Marchowski, D., Jankowiak, Ł., Ławicki, Ł., & Wysocki, D. (2018). Waterbird counts on large water bodies: comparing ground and aerial methods during different ice conditions. PeerJ6, e5195.

Montano, V., Van Dongen, W. F., Weston, M. A., Mulder, R. A., Robinson, R. W., Cowling, M., & Guay, P. J. (2018). A genetic assessment of the human‐facilitated colonization history of black swans in Australia and New Zealand. Evolutionary Applications11(3), 364-375.

Musilová, Z., Musil, P., Zouhar, J., & Adam, M. (2018). Changes in habitat suitability influence non‐breeding distribution of waterbirds in central Europe. Ibis160(3), 582-596.

Pöysä, H., Elmberg, J., Gunnarsson, G., Holopainen, S., Nummi, P., & Sjöberg, K. (2018). Recovering whooper swans do not cause a decline in Eurasian wigeon via their grazing impact on habitat. Journal of Ornithology159(2), 447-455.

Prosser, D. J., Ding, C., Erwin, R. M., Mundkur, T., Sullivan, J. D., & Ellis, E. C. (2018). Species distribution modeling in regions of high need and limited data: waterfowl of China. Avian Research9(1), 7.

Rawlence, N. J., Kardamaki, A., Easton, L. J., Tennyson, A. J., Scofield, R. P., & Waters, J. M. (2018). Native or not? Ancient DNA rejects persistence of New Zealand’s endemic black swan: A reply to Montano et al. Evolutionary Applications11(3), 376-377.

Reese, J. G., & Weterings, R. (2018). Waterfowl migration chronologies in central Chesapeake Bay during 2002–2013. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology130(1), 52-69.

Tsunekuni, R., Yaguchi, Y., Kashima, Y., Yamashita, K., Takemae, N., Mine, J., & Saito, T. (2018). Spatial transmission of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses among wild birds in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, 2016–2017. Archives of virology163(5), 1195-1207.

Van Belleghem, S. M., Papa, R., Ortiz‐Zuazaga, H., Hendrickx, F., Jiggins, C. D., Owen McMillan, W., & Counterman, B. A. (2018). patternize: an R package for quantifying colour pattern variation. Methods in ecology and evolution9(2), 390-398.

Valenzuela, G., Araya, A., Oyarzún-Ruiz, P., & Muñoz, P. (2018). Helmintofauna del cisne de cuello negro Cygnus melancoryphus (Aves: Anatidae) del Santuario de la Naturaleza Carlos Anwandter, Valdivia, Chile. Revista mexicana de biodiversidad89(2), 568-571.

Wang, X., Kuang, F., Tan, K., & Ma, Z. (2018). Population trends, threats, and conservation recommendations for waterbirds in China. Avian Research9(1), 14.

Wang, X., Cao, L., Bysykatova, I., Xu, Z., Rozenfeld, S., Jeong, W., & Fox, A. D. (2018). The Far East taiga forest: unrecognized inhospitable terrain for migrating Arctic-nesting waterbirds?. PeerJ6, e4353.

Wood, K. A., Nuijten, R. J., Newth, J. L., Haitjema, T., Vangeluwe, D., Ioannidis, P., & Rees, E. C. (2018). Apparent survival of an Arctic‐breeding migratory bird over 44 years of fluctuating population size. Ibis160(2), 413-430.

Wood, K. A., Stillman, R. A., Clarke, R. T., Daunt, F., & O’Hare, M. T. (2018). Water velocity limits the temporal extent of herbivore effects on aquatic plants in a lowland river. Hydrobiologia812(1), 45-55.

Wood, K. A., Newth, J. L., Hilton, G. M., & Rees, E. C. (2018). Has winter body condition varied with population size in a long-distance migrant, the Bewick’s Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii)?. European Journal of Wildlife Research64(4), 38.

Zhao, H., Wang, Y., Shao, Y., Liu, J., Li, J., Zong, H., & Xing, M. (2018). Characterization of Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) Interferon α: Prokaryotic Expression, Biological Activities, and Physicochemical Characteristics. Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research38(1), 20-28.


Ciach, M., Czyż, S. & Weiloch, M. 2017. Bill colour pattern in Bewick’s swan: information on sex and body size displayed on face? Ethology Ecology & Evolution. Published online: 15 May 2017

Elmberg, J., Berg, C., Lerner, H., Waldenström, J. & Hessel, R. 2017. Potential disease transmission from wild geese and swans to livestock, poultry and humans: a review of the scientific literature from a One Health perspective. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology 7(1): 1300450.

Fox, A.D., Elmberg, J., Tombre, I.M. & Hessel, R. 2017. Agriculture and herbivorous waterfowl: a review of the scientific basis for improved management. Biological Review 92: 854–877. doi: 10.1111/brv.12258.

Glotov, A.S. 2017. Social mutual relation of a Bewick’s swan (brought in the Red book of the Russian Federation and NAO) with other kinds waterfowl, in territory of state reserve “Nenetskii”. XV International Scientific-Practical Conference: Problems and Prospects of Modern Science, Moscow. Pp 42-45. [In Russian.]

Groves, D.J. 2017. The 2015 North American Swan Survey. A Cooperative North American Survey. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Migratory Bird Management, Juneau, AK, USA. 26 pp. 

Hamilton, A.J., Conort, C., Bueno, A., Murray, C.G. & Grove, J.R. 2017. Waterbird use of farm dams in south‑eastern Australia: abundance and influence of biophysical and landscape characteristics. Avian Research 8(2): 1–13.

Hayashi, K., Ichikawa-Seki, M., Ohari, Y., Mohanta, U.K., Aita, J., Satoh, H., Ehara, S., Tokashiki, M., Shiroma, T., Azuta, A. & Oka, N. 2017. First detection of Allobilharzia visceralis (Schistosomatidae, Trematoda) from Cygnus cygnus in Japan. Parasitology International 66(1): 925–929.

Henderson, C.L. 2017. Visions of swans. Minnesota Conservation Volunteer 80(471): 8–21.

Hindman, L.J., Harvey IV, W.F., Walbridge, H.R., Hooper, M. & Driscoll, C.P. 2016. An efficient method of capture and field euthanasia of flightless Mute Swans. In L.M. Conner & M.D. Smith (eds.), Proceedings of the 16th Wildlife Damage Management Conference, pp. 55–64. Auburn University, Auburn, Alaska, USA.

Lehikoinen, P., Lehikoinen, A., Mikkola-Roos, M. & Jaatinen, K. 2017. Counteracting wetland overgrowth increases breeding and staging bird abundances. Sci. Rep. 7, 41391; doi: 10.1038/srep41391.

Lumsden, H.G. 2017. Egg carrying by a Trumpeter Swan. Ontario Birds 35(1): 17–19.

Lumsden, H.G., Thomas, V.G. & Robinson, B.W. 2017. Wetland drawdown and the nutritional value of Lemna minor to a wild Trumpeter Swan brood. Ontario Birds 35(1): 20–27.

Rawlence, N.J., Kardamaki, A., Easton, L.J., Tennyson, A.J.D., Scofield, R.P. & Waters, J.M. 2017. Ancient DNA and morphometric analysis reveal extinction and replacement of New Zealand’s unique black swans. Proceedings Royal Society B. 284: 20179876.

Olsen, A.M. 2017. Feeding ecology is the primary driver of beak shape diversification in waterfowl. Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12890

Palm, V., Sepp, M., Truu, J., Ward, R.D. & Leito, A. 2017. The effect of atmospheric circulation on spring arrival of short- and long-distance migratory bird species in Estonia. Boreal Environmental Research 22: 97–114.

Pöysä, H., Elmberg, J., Gunnarsson, G., Holopainen, S., Nummi, P., & Sjöberg, K. Habitat associations and habitat change: seeking explanation for population decline in breeding Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope. Hydrobiologia. 785(1): 207–17.

Świę̨toń, E., Wyrostek, K., Jóźwiak, M., Olszewska-Tomczyk, M., Domańska-Blicharz, K., Meissner, W., Włodarczyk, R., Minias, P., Janiszewski, T., Minta, Z. & Śmietanka, K. 2017. Surveillance for Avian Influenza Virus in wild birds in Poland, 2008–2015. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 53(2):330–338.

Shimada, T., Ueda, T., Hoshi, M. & Mori, A. 2017. Effects of water level on habitat selection by foraging Whooper Swans. Bird Research 13: S5–S9. [In Japanese with English summary.]

Wang, F., Xu, S., Zhou,Y., Wang, P. & Zhang, X. 2017. Trace element exposure of whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) wintering in a marine lagoon (Swan Lake), northern China. Marine Pollution Bulletin 119(2): 60–67. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.03.063.

Włodarczyk, R. 2017. The daily activity pattern in males and females of the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Anseriformes) during different parts of the breeding season. North-western Journal of Zoology 13 (1): 85–93.

Wood, K.A., Ponting, J., D’Costa, N., Newth, J.L., Rose, P.E., Glazov, P. & Rees, E.C. 2017. Understanding intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of aggressive behavior in waterbird assemblages: a meta-analysis. Animal Behaviour 126: 209–216.

Wood, K.A., Nuijten, R.J.M., Newth, J.L., Haijtema, T., Vangeluwe, D., Ioannidis, P., Harrison, A.L., Mackenzie, C., Hilton, G.M., Nolet, B.A. & Rees, E.C. In press. Apparent survival of an Arctic-breeding migratory bird over 44 years of fluctuating population size. Ibis. DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12521.


Božič, L. 2016. Results of the January 2016 waterbird census in Slovenia. Acrocephalus 37 (170/171): 209–219. 10.1515/acro-2016-0012. [In Slovenian with English summary.]

Chernichko, I.I., Kostiushyn, V.A. & Vinokurov, S.V. 2016. Importance of Utliukskiy Liman for the protection of waterbirds in the Azov-Black Sea region During Autumn Migration. Vestnik Zoologii 50(5): 429–446. DOI:, December 2016.

Deberšek, B. & Bordjan, D. 2016. Annual dynamics, nature-conservancy evaluation and an overview of data on the occurrence of waterbirds at Šaleška Lakes (N Slovenia). Acrocephalus 37 (168/169): 5–47.10.1515/acro-2016-0001. [In Slovenian with English abstract.]

de Fouw, J., Govers, L. L., van de Koppel, J., van Belzen, J., Dorigo, W., Sidi Cheikh, M.A., Christianen, M. J. A., van der Reijden, K. J., van der Geest, M., Piersma, T., Smolders, A. J. P., Olff, H., Lamers, L. P. M., van Gils, J. A., & van der Heide, T. 2016. Drought, Mutualism Breakdown, and Landscape–Scale Degradation of Seagrass Beds.  Current Biology 26:1–6.

Ely, C.R. & Meixell, B.W. 2016. Demographic outcomes of diverse migration strategies assessed in a metapopulation of tundra swans. Movement Ecology 4:10. DOI 10.1186/s40462-016-0075-8.

Fedun, O.M. & Davydenko, I.V. 2016. Ornithological fauna of the waste water treatment plants in the northern left bank Ukraine (Chernihiv and Kyiv Regions): winter populations and ecological structure. Vestnik zoologii 50(6): 483–492. doi: 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0055.

Hall, C., Crowe, O., Elwane, G.M.C., Einarsson, O., Calbrade, N. & Rees, E. 2016. Population size and breeding success of the Icelandic Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus: results of the 2015 international census. Wildfowl 66: 75–97.

Handrigan, S.H. , Schummer, M.L., Petrie, S.A. & Norris D.R. 2016 Range expansion and migration of Trumpeter Swans Cygnus buccinator re-introduced in southwest and central Ontario. Wildfowl 66: 60–74.

Hoye, B.J., Munster, V.J., Huig, N., de Vries, P., Oosterbeek, K., Tijsen, W., Klaassen, M., Fouchier, R.A.M. & van Gils, J. 2016. Hampered performance of migratory swans: intra- and inter-seasonal effects of avian influenza virus. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56 (2): 317–329. doi:10.1093/icb/icw038.

Jia, Q., Koyama, K., Choi, C.-Y., Kim, H.-J., Cao, L., Goa, D., Liu, G. & Fox, A.D. 2016. Population estimates and geographical distributions of swans and geese in East Asia based on counts during the non-breeding season. Bird Conservation International 26: 397–417.

Jager, C, Nelson, M. P., Goralnik, L. & Gore, M. L. 2016. Michigan Mute Swan management: A case study to understand contentious natural resource management issues. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 21(3):189–202.

Lumsden, H.G. 2016. Colour morphs, downy and juvenile plumages of Trumpeter and Mute Swans. Ontario Birds 34(2): 198–204.

Lumsden, H.G. 2016. Trumpeter Swans and Mute Swans compete for space in Ontario. Ontario Birds 34(1):14–23.

Newth, J.L., Rees, E.C., Cromie, R.L., McDonald, R.A., Bearhop, S., Pain, D.J., Norton, G.J., Deacon, C. & Hilton, G.M. 2016. Widespread exposure to lead affects the body condition of free-living whooper swans Cygnus cygnus wintering in Britain. Environmental Pollution 209: 60–67.

Nolet, B.A., Gyimesi, A., van Krimpen, R.R.D., de Boer, W.F. & Stillman, R.A. 2016. Predicting effects of water regime changes on waterbirds: insights from staging swans. PLoS ONE 11(2): e0147340. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147340

Payevsky, V.A. 2016. Sex-biased survival and philopatry in birds: do they interact? Biology Bulletin 43(8): 804–818.

Syroechkovsky, E.V. 2016. Adaptations of Geese and Swans to the Arctic environment. Lambert Academic Publishing (LAP), Saarbrücken, Germany.

Terenius, O. 2016. Windsurfing in Mute Swans (Cygnus olor). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 128(3): 628–631.

Włodarczyk, R. & Minias, P. 2016. Non–adaptive territory selection by a bird with exceptionally long parental care. Peer J 4:e1852.

Yrjölä, R. A., Tanskanen, A., Sarvanne, H., Vickholm, J. & Santaharju, J. L. M. 2016. Effects of human activities on populations of wetland birds: a case study from Vuosaari Harbour, southern Finland. Annales Zoologici Fennici 53: 241–254.


Chovan, A.A. & Kazannik, V.V. 2015. The present status of Bewick’s Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii in Ukraine. Wildfowl 65: 143–153.

Kistler, W. M., Stallknecht, D. E., Lebarbenchon, C., Pedersen, K., Marks, D. R., Mickley, R., DeLiberto, T. J. & Yabsley, M. J. 2015. Influenza A Virus H5–specific Antibodies in Mute Swans (Cygnus olor) in the USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(2):523–526.
Olson D., Long, B., & Mitchell, C.D. 2015. Geographic variation in Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator clutch size and egg weights. Wildfowl 65: 133–142.

Suggett, G., Goldsborough, G. & the Delta History Group. 2015. Delta: A Prairie Marsh and Its People. 320 pages. ISBN 978–0–921950–51–6 (hardcover). (Important waterfowl and wetlands research area, including some of the first captive breeding of Trumpeter Swans Cygnus buccinator here.)

Taylor, C. (2015) Assessment of landscape features and mitigation measures affecting the risk of birds colliding with power lines in the northwest of England. MRes thesis. Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

van Dongen, W., Robinson, R., Weston, M., Mulder, R., & Guay, P.–J. 2015. Variation at the DRD4 locus is associated with wariness and local site selection in urban black swans. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15:253.
Visscher, F. & van Duivendijk, N. 2015. New identification features for Whistling Swan. Dutch Birding 37: 289–294.

Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Daunt, F. & O’Hare, M.T. (2015) The swan grazing conflict in chalk rivers. In: S.M. Redpath, R.J. Gutierrez, K.A. Wood & J.C. Young (eds), Conflicts in Conservation: Navigating towards solutions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 134–136.


Beemster, N. & Klop, E. (2014) Risk assessment of the Black swan (Cygnus atratus) in the Netherlands. A&Wreport 1978. Altenburg & Wymenga ecologisch onderzoek, Feanwâlden the Netherlands.

Boiko, D., Kampe-Persson, H. & Mork?nas, J. (2014) Breeding Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus in the Baltic states, 1973–2013: result of a re-colonisation. Wildfowl. 64, pp 207–216.

Choney, G.E., McMahon, K., Lavery, P.S. & Collier, N. (2014) Swan grazing on seagrass: abundance but not grazing pressure varies over an annual cycle in a temperate estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research.  65, pp.738–749.

Christmas, S.E., Scott, K., Gray, S., Brides, K,. Findlay, C. & Hatton, W.J. (2014) Movements of ringed Mute Swans Cygnus olor across the Irish Sea. Ringing & Migration. 29, pp.41–43.

Cockrell, L. E. 2014. Landsat Evaluation Of Trumpeter Swan Historical Nesting Sites In Yellowstone National Park. MSc. thesis, Eastern Kentucky University, Kentucky, USA.

Coleman, J.T. (2014) Breeding biology of the Black Swan Cygnus atratus in southeast Queensland, Australia. Wildfowl. 64, pp.217–230.

Dudzik K., Polakowski M., Wilniewczyc, P., Kaczorowski, G., Sułek, J. & Dobosz R. (2014). Population of the Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus in the Świętokrzyskie region (SE Poland) at the beginning of the 21st century. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 70 (1): 32–48.

Ely, C. R., Franson, J. C. 2014. Blood lead concentrations in Alaskan tundra swans: linking breeding and wintering areas with satellite telemetry. Ecotoxicology 23(3):349–56.

Ely, C.R., Sladen, W.J.L., Wilson, H.M., Savage, S.E., Sowl, K.M., Henry, B., Schwitters, M. & Snowdon, J. (2014) Delineation of Tundra Swan Cygnus c. columbianus populations in North America: geographic boundaries and interchange. Wildfowl. 64, pp.132–147.

Gayet, G., Guillemain, M., Defos du Rau, P. & Grillas, P. (2014) Effects of Mute Swans on wetlands: a synthesis. Hydrobiologia. 723, pp.195–204.

Griffin, L., Rees, E. & Hughes, B. (2014) Tracking Bewick’s Swan migration in relation to offshore and onshore wind farm sites in Europe. WWT Report to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucester.

Hindman, L.J. & Tjaden, R.L. (2014) Awareness and opinions of Maryland citizens toward Chesapeake Bay Mute Swans Cygnus olor and management alternative. Wildfowl. 64, pp.167–85.

Hindman, L.J., Harvey IV, W.F. & Conley, L.E. (2014) Spraying corn oil on Mute Swan Cygnus olor eggs to prevent hatching. Wildfowl. 64, pp.186–196.

Jia, Q., Koyama, K., Choi, C.-Y., Kim, H.-J., Cao, L., Goa, D., Liu, G. & Fox, A.D. 2014. Monitoring programmes and wintering populations of swans and geese in East Asia. 16th meeting of the Goose Specialists Group. Beijing, China.

Looft, J. A. 2014.Estimating Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) Populations in Alberta and Response to Disturbance. M. Sc. Thesis, Univ. Alberta.

Luigujõe, L. (2014) Väikeluige (Cygnus columbianus bewickii Yarr.) kaitse tegevuskava. Keskkonnaamet, Tallinn, Estonia. pp 38.

Musilová, Z., Musil, P., Zouhar, J., Bejček, V., Šťastný, K. & Hudec, K. 2014. Numbers of wintering waterbirds in the Czech Republic: long–term and spatial–scale approaches to assess population size. Bird Study 61(3)321–331. (data on Mute Swan Cygnus olor, Bewick’s Swan C. columbinaus bewickii and Whooper Swan C. cygnus).

Nilsson, L. (2014) Long-term trends in the number of Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus breeding and wintering in Sweden. Wildfowl. 64, pp.197–206.

Perry, L. 2014. Mute Swans, iconic and under attack! The Osprey March/April 2014— Vol. 39 No. 2 Pp 1, 5. (Popular account of Mute Swan Cygnus olor control programs in New York State, USA.)

Nolet, B.A., Kölzsch, A., Oosterbeek, K. & de Vries, P.P. (2014) Stopover sites of Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii identified with GPS loggers. Limosa. 87, pp.149– 155.

Nuijten, R.J.M., Kölzsch, A., van Gils, J.A., Hoye, B.J., Oosterbeek, K., de Vries, P.P., Klaassen, M. & Nolet, B.A. (2014) The exception to the rule: retreating ice front makes Bewick’s swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii migrate slower in spring than in autumn. Journal of Avian Biology. 45, pp.113–122.

Shimada, T, Yamaguchi, N.M., Hijikata, N., Hiraoka, E., Hupp, J. W., Flint, P.L., Tokita, K., Fujita, G., Uchida, K., Sato, F., Kurechi, M., Pearce, J.M., Ramey, A.M. & Higuchi, H. (2014) Satellite tracking of migrating Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus wintering in Japan. Ornithological Science. 13, pp.67–75.

Solovyeva, D. & Vartanyan, S. (2014) Aspects of the breeding biology of Bewick’s Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii nesting in high densities in the Chaun River delta, Chukotka, east Russia. Wildfowl. 64, pp.148–166.

Spaeth, K. 2014. Reproductive success of Trumpeter Swans in west central Minnesota. M.Sc. thesis, Bemidji State University, Bemidji, MN, USA. 41 pp.

Watanabe, T. (2014) Regional variations of the bill-coloration of Bewick’s Swans wintering in eastern Japan. Strix. 30, pp.129–134.

Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Daunt, F. & O’Hare, M.T. (2014) Chalk streams and grazing mute swans. British Wildlife. 25, pp.171–176.

Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Daunt, F. & O’Hare, M.T. (2014) Can sacrificial feeding areas protect aquatic plants from herbivore grazing? Using behavioural ecology to inform wildlife management. PLoS ONE.  9, e104034.


Anonymous. 2013. Management Plan for Mute Swans in New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife, and Marine Resources, 625 Broadway, Albany, NY 12233–4754, USA.

Auld, J.R., Perrins, C. M. & Charmantier, A. 2013. Who wears the pants in a mute swan pair? Deciphering the effects of male and female age and identity on breeding success Journal of Animal Ecology 82:826–835.

Gayet G, Guillemain, M., Mesleard, F., Fritz, H., Curtet, L., & Broyer J. 2013. Annual use of man–made wetlands by the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor). Journal of Environmental Management 120:120–126.

González, A.L. & Fariña, J.M. 2013. Changes in the abundance and distribution of Black–necked Swans (Cygnus melancoryphus) in the Carlos Anwandter Nature Sanctuary and adjacent wetlands, Valdivia, Chile. Waterbirds 36(4):507–514.

Guay, P.–J., Lorenz, R. D. A., Robinson, R.W., Symonds, M. R. E., & Weston, M.A.. 2013. Distance from water, sex and approach direction influence flight distances among habituated Black Swans. Ethology 119:552–558.

Guay, P.–J., McLeod, E. M., Cross, R., Formby, A. J., Maldonado, S. P., Stafford–Bell, R. E., St. James–Turner Z. N., Robinson, R. W., Mulder, R. A. & Weston, M.A. 2013. Observer effects occur when estimating alert but not flight–initiation distances. Wildlife Research 40 (4):289–293.

Handrigan, S. 2013.  Evaluation of breeding range expansion of Trumpeter Swans (Cygnus buccinator) re–introduced in Southwestern Ontario. Honour’s Thesis, University Western Ontario.

Nolet, B.A. & Gyimesi, A. 2013. Underuse of stopover site by migratory swans. Journal of  Ornithology 154:695–703.

Nuijten, R.J.M., Kölzsch, A., van Gils, J.A., Hoye, B.J., Oosterbeek, K., de Vries, P.P., Klaassen, M. and Nolet, B.A.. 2013. The exception to the rule: retreating ice front makes Bewick’s swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii migrate slower in spring than in autumn. Journal of Avian Biology 44: 001–010.

Polakowski, M., & Broniszewska, M. 2013. Spring migration of swans in the Biebrza Basin. Ornis Polonica 54: 96–108. (in Polish with English summary).

Swift, B. L., Clarke, K. J., Holevinski, R. A., & Cooper, E. M. 2013. Status and ecology of  Mute Swans in New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources, 625 Broadway, Albany, NY 12233–4754. 37 pp.

Weaver, K. H. A. 2013. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus columbianus, habitat selection during the nonbreeding period. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Western Ontario.

Włodarczyk R., Wieloch M., Czyż S., Dolata P. T., & Minias P. 2013. Natal and breeding dispersal in Mute Swans Cygnus olor: influence of sex, mate switching and reproductive success. Acta Ornithologica 48: 237–244.

Wood, M.J., Childs,M. Z., Davies, A. S., Hellgren, O., Cornwallis, C. K., Perrins, C. M., & Sheldon, B. C. 2013. The epidemiology underlying age–related avian malaria infection in a long–lived host: the mute swan Cygnus olor.  Journal of Avian Biology 44: 347–358.


Gayet, G., Croce, N., Grillas, P., Nourry, C., Deschamps, C. & du Rau, P.D. 2012. Expected and unexpected effects of waterbirds on Mediterranean aquatic plants. Aquatic Botany 103:98–105.

Groves, D. J. (2012). The 2010 North American Trumpeter Swan Survey.

Guo, J., Covaleda, L., Heatley, J.J., Baroch, J.A., Tizard, I. & Payne, S.L. 2012. Widespread avian bornavirus infection in mute swans in the Northeast United States. Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports 3:49–52.

Hidding, B., Klaassen, M., de Boer, T., de Vries P.P. & Nolet, B.A. 2012. Aquatic plant shows flexible avoidance by escape from tuber predation by swans. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 50–58.

Hoye, B.J., Fouchier, R. A. M. & Klaassen, M. 2012. Host behaviour and physiology underpin individual variation in avian influenza virusinfection in migratory Bewick’s swans. Proceedings Royal Society of London B 279:529–534.

Lumsden, H.G. 2012. Recent History of Trumpeter Swans in Ontario and Quebec and their status in 2010–2011. Ontario Birds 30:109–119.

Meyer, S. W., Badzinski, S.S., Schummer, M.L. & Sharp, C.M. 2012. Changes in summer abundance and distribution of mute swans along the lower Great Lakes of Ontario 1986–2011. Ontario Birds 30: 48–63.

Payne, C.J., Jessop, T.S., Guay, P–J., Johnstone, M., Feore M. and  Mulder R.A. 2012. Population, behavioural and physiological responses of an urban population of Black Swans to an intense annual noise event. PLoS ONE 7(9): e45014.

Paz Silva, C., Schlatter, R. P. & Soto–Gamboa, M. 2012. Reproductive biology and pair behavior during incubation of the Black–necked Swan Cygnus melancoryphus. Ornitologia Neotropical 23: 555–567.

Pybus, O.G., Perrins, C.M., Choudhury, B., Manvell, R.J., Nunez, A., Schulenburg, B., Sheldon, B.C. & Brown, I.H. 2012. The ecology and age structure of a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus outbreak in wild mute swans. Parasitology 139: 1–10.

Ramey, A. M., Ely, C. R., Schmutz, J. A., Pearce, J. M., & Heard, D. J. 2012. Molecular Detection of Hematozoa Infections in Tundra Swans Relative to Migration Patterns and Ecological Conditions at Breeding Grounds. PLoS ONE 7(9): e45789.

Smith, A.N., Vernes, K.A. & Ford, H.A. 2012. Grazing effects of Black Swans Cygnus atratus (Latham) on a seasonally flooded coastal wetland of eastern Australia. Hydrobiologia 697:45–57.

Stafford, J.D., Eichholz, M.W.,& Phillips, A.C. 2012. Impacts of Mute Swans (Cygnus olor) on submerged aquatic vegetation in Illinois River Valley backwaters. Wetlands 32:851–857.

Varner, D.M. & Eichholz, M.W. 2012. Annual and seasonal survival of Trumpeter Swans in the upper Midwest. The Journal of Wildlife Management 76(1):129–135.

Wood, K. A., Stillman, R. A., Daunt, F. & O’Hare, M. T. 2012. An Individual–Based Model of Swan–Macrophyte Conflicts on a Chalk River. pp: 339–343 in River Conservation and Management. Boon, P. J. & Raven, P. J. (Editors). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Gayet, G., Guillemainc, M., Fritz, H., Meslearde, F., Begnisa, C., Costioua, A., Body, G.,  Curtet, L., & Broyer, J. 2011.Do Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) grazing, swan residence and fish pond nutrient availability interactively control macrophyte communities? Aquatic Botany 95:110– 116.

Gayet, G., Eraud, C., Benmergui, M., Broyer, J., Mesleard, F., Fritz, H. & Guillemain, M. 2011. Breeding mute swan habitat selection when accounting for detectability: a plastic behaviour consistent with rapidly expanding populations. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57(5):1051–1056.

Cong, P., Cao, L., Fox, A.D., Barter, M., Rees, E.C., Jiang, Y., Ji, W., Zhu, W. and Song, G., 2011. Changes in Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii distribution and abundance in the Yangtze River floodplain. Bird Conservation International, 21(03):260–265.

Cong, P., Rees, E.C., Sun, M.M., Zhao, M., Cao, L., Barter, M. & Fox, A.D. 2011. A comparison of behaviour and habitat use by Bewick’s Swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii at wintering sites in China and Europe: preliminary observations. Wildfowl (2011) 61: 52–73.

O’Connell, M.M., Keating, U., Mcelligott, D., O’Reilly, P., O’Callaghan, J. and O’Halloran, J., 2013. An investigation of a novel anomalous pink feather colouration in the Mute Swan Cygnus olor in Britain and Ireland. Wildfowl 61: 152–165.

Ransler, F.A., Quinn, T.W. & Oyler–McCance, S.J. 2011. Genetic consequences of trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator) reintroductions. Conservation Genetics 12(1):257–268.

Schmidt, J.H., Lindberg, M.S., Johnson, D.S. & Verbyla, D.L. 2011. Season length influences breeding range dynamics of trumpeter swans Cygnus buccinator. Wildlife Biology 17: 364–372.

Schummer, M. L., Petrie, S.A., Badzinski, S.S., Deming, M., Chen, Y–W. & Belzile, N. 2011. Elemental contaminants in livers of mute swans on Lakes Erie and St. Clair. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61(4), 677–687


Dudzik, K., Dobosz, R., Nowak, C. & Dębowski, P. Breeding population of Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus in Świętokrzyskie Region. Chrońmy Przyrode Ojczysta 66 (6): 456–463, 2010. (in Polish with English summary).

Flood, L. 2010. A brilliant flask of white. Teton Valley Magazine Winter 2009–10:32–37. (A popular article on trumpeter swan restoration efforts in the Teton Valley of Idaho).

Gayet, G., Guillemainm M., Benmergui, M., Mesleard, F., Boulinier, T., Bienvenu, J.–P.,  Fritz, H. & Broyer, J. I. 2010. Effects of seasonality, isolation and patch quality for habitat selection processes by Mute Swans Cygnus olor in a fish pond landscape. Oikos 120(6)801–812.

Gyimesi, A. 2010. Carrying capacity of a heterogeneous lake for migrating swans. Ph.D. thesis. Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

King, J.G. 2010. Attending Alaska’s Birds. A Wildlife Pilot’s Story. Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, Washington, USA.

Klaassen, M., Hangelbroek, H.H., de Boer, T. & Nolet, B.A. 2010. Insights from the eco–physiological book of records: Bewick’s swans outperform the canonical intake–maximizing vertebrate.  Oikos 119: 1156–1160.

Mlodinow, S.G. and Schwitters, M.T. 2010. The status of Bewick’s Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii) in western North America. North American Birds 64(1):2–13.

Mulder, R.A., Guay, P.–J., Wilson, M. & Coulson, G. 2010. Citizen science: recruiting residents for studies of tagged urban wildlife. Wildlife Research 37: 440–446. (Black swans Cygnus atratus).

Patel, R., Mulder, R.A.  and Cardoso, G.C. 2010.What makes vocalisation frequency an unreliable signal of body size in birds? A study on Black Swans. Ethology 116:554–563.

Proffitt, K.M., McEneaney, T.P, White, P.J. & Garrott R.A. 2010. Productivity and Fledging Success of Trumpeter Swans in Yellowstone National Park, 1987–2007. Waterbirds 33(3):341–348.

Wilkins, K. A., Malecki, R.A., Sullivan, P. J.,  Fuller, J.C., Dunn, J.P., Hidman, L.J., Costanzo, G.R., Petrie, S.A. & Luszcz, D. 2010. Population structure of tundra swans wintering in eastern North America. TheJournal of Wildlife Management 74:1107–1111.


de Haan, Y. 2009. Reproductive Energetics of Mute Swans, Cyngus olor, on the Lower Great Lakes. Honour’s Thesis, University Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

Guay, P.–J. & Mulder, R.A. 2009. Do neck–collars affect the behaviour and condition of Black Swans (Cygnus atratus)? Emu 109:248–251.

Newman SH, Iverson SA, Takekawa JY, Gilbert M, Prosser DJ, Batbayar, N.,  Natsagdorj, T. & Douglas, D. C. 2009. Migration of Whooper Swans and Outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus in Eastern Asia. PLoS ONE 4(5): e5729.

Olson D., Warren, J. & Reed, T. 2009. Satellite-tracking the seasonal locations of Trumpeter Swans Cygnus buccinator from Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, Montana, USA. Wildfowl 59: 3–16.

Richman, A. 2009. Nutrient reserve dynamics of non–breeding Mute Swans (Cygnus olor) on the lower Great Lakes. Honour’s Thesis, University Western Ontario.

Schmidt, J.H., Lindberg, M.S., Johnson, D.S., Conant, B. & King, J.. 2009. Evidence of Alaskan Trumpeter Swan population growth using Bayesian Hierarchical Models. The Journal of Wildlife Management 73(5):720–727.


Badzinski, S. S. 2008. Mute Swan (Cygnus olor). Pages 64–65 in M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier, editors. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001–2007. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada / Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature.

Bailey, M., Petrie, S.A. & Badzinski, S.S.. 2008. Diet of Mute Swans in Lower Great Lakes Coastal Marshes. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:726–732.


Amini, H. & Sehhatisabet, M.E. 2007. Wintering Populations of Swans in Iran. Podoces 2(2): 113–121.


John, J.S., Ransler, F.A., Quinn, T.W. & Oyler–McCance, S. J. 2006. Characterization of microsatellite loci isolated in trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator). Molecular Ecology Notes, 6(4), pp.1083–1085.


Dudzik, K. & Putowski, P. 2005. Pierwsze przypadkigniazdowania łabędzia krzykliwego Cygnus cygnus w Krainie Gór Świętokrzyskich. Kulon 10:59–62. (in Polish).